In the development of Chinese painting, figure painting has been the most difficult, not only for its documentary nature, but also for its inclusion of the ideas of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism, which are very Chinese in character. The hand-painted umbrella patterns with figures as the subject matter have a slightly smaller proportion in Luzhou Fenshui oil paper umbrellas, mostly in the form of Chinese brushwork, focusing on depicting characters with national characteristics such as ancient costumes and Beijing opera, with neat and rigorous brushwork, brilliant, subdued, bright and elegant colors, with a strong aesthetic interest in Chinese national colors. There are not only classical figure patterns but also Japanese ukiyo-e figure images with fine brushwork, bright colors and gorgeous umbrellas, which are beautiful.
Animal motifs are also an integral part of the hand-painted umbrella pattern, mostly pandas, but also tigers, monkeys, pigs and other motifs. Among them, there are four or five kinds of panda holding bamboo, which is a national treasure of China, mainly in Sichuan, because of its gentle nature and symbolic meaning of peace and unity, as well as the harmonious coexistence of man and nature. Bamboo is the food of pandas and is also a specialty of Sichuan, and is known as a gentleman’s son. The panda represents good luck and the bamboo represents prosperity. In addition to the panda holding bamboo, there is also the panda hibiscus, which is the city flower of Chengdu and means reunion and happiness.
The landscape theme of Heng Yun oil paper umbrella is mostly based on Chinese painting, mostly ink landscape, light vivid landscape, small green landscape, with mountains, rivers, trees, houses, bridges, etc., to show the landscape scenery, the brush is rough and concise, showing the shape of the mountains and rivers, the pattern and emotion blend, expressing the author’s thoughts and emotions and inner world, expressing his love for nature, his love for the great rivers and mountains of the motherland. Between the square and the inch, it shows the majestic and magnificent, or the leisure and fun, or the literati’s sentiment that can be traveled and explored, played and appreciated. The eight scenes of Hengyang are one of the series of landscape patterns, including “White Pagoda in the morning sunset”, “Baoshan in the spring”, “Fangshan in the snow”, “Dongyan in the night moon” and “Longtan in the tide”. ” “Longtan Tide”, “Yu,Only the umbrella pattern of the White Pagoda is still in use today. As one of the eight major attractions in Luzhou, the White Pagoda, also known as the Retribution Pagoda, was built by Feng Zu, the envoy of the Song Dynasty, to repay his mother’s kindness, and it is an amazing sight when the sun rises in the east and the pagoda meets the sunset. In addition to the eight scenic spots in Luzhou, the umbrella is also hand-painted with the Great Wall and other famous Chinese attractions to show the scenery of the motherland.
flowers and Birds
Flowers and birds are the most popular subjects in Hengyu oil paper umbrellas, often using objects as metaphors to express the thoughts and feelings of the author. In the hand-made paintings, they mostly appear in the form of realism, but also exist in realistic form. The patterns are realistic and vivid, with a very traditional Chinese meaning, giving the oil paper umbrella a poetic and pictorial meaning.Plum, orchid, bamboo and chrysanthemum are common subjects in flower and bird painting, and the lotus and peony are also popular, so Luzhou Fenshui oil paper umbrella flower and bird designs are mostly based on plum, orchid, bamboo, lotus and peony. The plum, full of pride, stands proudly in the cold wind, symbolizing the noble aspirant. Most of the hand-painted umbrellas are painted with red and blue plums, and some are painted with magpies to reflect the auspicious meaning. Orchid, a traditional precious flower, has graceful leaves, elegant and fragrant flowers, high quality and elegant flowers, deep valley fragrance, symbolizing a virtuous person and high moral character. grandchildren with longevity. Bamboo, with plum, is one of the four gentlemen, but also one of the three friends of the year, in the cold winter can still flourish, vibrant, with a noble and strong section, with a false heart. Elegant and plucky, like a scholar, with the heart of the cold years, the wind and snow oppression and especially see the spirit，Oil paper umbrella hand-painted umbrella surface painting bamboo and magpie combination, meaning happy events. The lotus flower, “out of the mud but not dyed, cleanse the ripples but not demon.” “Lotus” and “Lian” homophonic, praise the lotus flower high purity, elegant, means to be clean and honest. There are many hand-painted lotus patterns on the umbrella surface, and the auspicious patterns of this solid branch, a clean and honest are all depictions of the lotus. There are also scenes of daily life with lotus, birds and dragonflies.
It has a strong local flavor and a sense of intimacy. Peony is a common pattern on the surface of oil paper umbrellas.